Bibliographies, Reference lists and in-text citations
A bibliography or reference list gives details of the books, electronic and other resources you have referred to during your research. This includes items you have cited as well as items that you didn’t specifically refer to in your research, but have read. The agreed referencing style used at St. Cuthbert’s College is APA (American Psychological Association.)
How to write, compile and format your reference list
- Note your sources as you work. Download and print this pocket guide from The University of Auckland to show you what to record from each source: http://www.cite.auckland.ac.nz/files/referencing_pocket_guide.pdf
- For details on how to write a bibliographic reference for each source use
The University of Auckland – QuickCite referencing
- Arrange your references in alphabetical order beginning with the author’s surname. If there isn’t an identifiable author, arrange the item by the first word of the title.
- Leave a blank line between each entry
- If a reference is longer than a line indent the second line. For example:
When you discuss the ideas or facts from a book or article you must acknowledge the source. References are cited within your text with the author and date next to the quote or idea, as well as listed alphabetically in a bibliography at the end of your essay.
If you directly quote from your source, you must use quotation marks around the quoted text and in brackets after the quote note the page where the original can be found. For example:
“New and outlandish modes of dress resulted from the exciting youth culture and radical ideas synonymous with the 1960’s.” (Sixties Style, 2006, p.251).
When using another author’s idea (but not quoting directly), you need to acknowledge it. State the rephrased idea in your essay, and at the end of the indirect quote using brackets, state the author’s name and the year of publication.
It appears that managers who achieve well in business have learnt to be proactive. (Covey, S. New York, 1990).
For further information,